Design

Which hood to buy?

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Open kitchen Leroy Merlin

Leroy Merlin

It's not easy to choose your range hood in the face of the surge of models, formats, materials and prices ... Beyond design, aim for efficiency! Then everything is about envy.

Currently, 64% of kitchens are equipped with a hood. Essential to maintain healthy air by chasing fog, grease and cooking odors, it also plays a decorative role. On the wall, island or on the work plan, it harmonizes with the layout and responds to the situation and the intended use. There is something for all tastes and styles.

Hoods come in many looks

In basic version, the classic visor hood, cap type, hanging on the wall under a kitchen element, is mostly a first price purchase. Its capacity of aspiration remaining limited, it is reserved for the small spaces and the small budgets. More modern, medium power, the telescopic drawer hood is embedded in a high cabinet: when it is not in action, only the band remains visible. The filter group, it is traditionally inserted into a fake chimney masonry. But today we prefer to house it in a kitchen cabinet 45 cm deep. An attractive solution by its price and which allows to choose the necessary suction power.

More decorative, the wall or central hood, attached to the ceiling, is by far the most coveted. Coordinates with the oven and hob, it comes in a wide range of shapes (circular, rectangular, trapezoidal, curved, cubic ...), colors and materials (stainless steel, aluminum, glass ...). With its large capture area (60 to 90 cm on average), it is very powerful. In island version in open kitchens, it offers great freedom of layout. Another model in tune with the times: the hood way chandelier, which makes forget its utilitarian function by emphasizing its charm aspect. Decorative item in its own right, it also provides good mood lighting. However, its suction power leaving to be desired, it may disappoint in use.

Avant-garde and minimalist, almost invisible, the hood integrated in the worktop, placed behind or next to the hob, has the advantage of freeing the visual space. Telescopic, it comes out and rises to a height of 40 cm above the worktop to suck fumes laterally before they spread in the room. Adapted to purified decorations and cooking islands, especially with induction, it is not suitable for gas hobs. Attention, if the fireplace is too far from the hood, the vapors will not be sucked. To adopt, therefore, for its design look. Because performance side, it can compete with the hood ceiling, latest trend concept. Placed 1,20 m above the hob, it offers powerful suction capabilities and is therefore ideal for large rooms. Depending on the model, it can be installed in a box or additional false ceiling, or can be installed directly using a mounting plate.

Retractable hood for worktop, in stainless steel and glass, 90 cm wide. Perimetral suction, 5 speeds, Softlight and Led lighting. Maximum flow 750 m3 / h, sound level 71 dB. "AirDeluxe 300", 2,239 euros, Neff.

Neff

The hood must be effective

Whichever hood is chosen, it must cover the entire cooking surface. Most models are designed to operate in evacuation or recycling mode (without external connection). In the first case, odors and humidity are sent out of the housing via a pipe, and the fumes are filtered. In the second case, which acts in closed circuit, is additionally added an activated charcoal filter anti-odor. But the hood loses 30% of its suction power. With filters based on activated carbon, catalytically treated or inserted into a weave, the loss is limited to between 8 and 11%.

To play its role well, a hood must be able to renew 12 times the air volume of the room in one hour. It's a question of debit. For a kitchen of 10 m2 with 2.50 m of ceiling, or 25 m3, it is enough to multiply this value by 12 to know the necessary power: 300 m3 / h. This number should be increased slightly if the device is used in recycling mode. Even in evacuation mode, it is better to choose a higher rate. Thus, it is useless to operate the hood at maximum power, which limits the sound level and avoids bringing cold air in winter and hot in summer. For this reason, the exhaust hood is prohibited in BBC homes, where only the recycling hood is allowed, saving money because without air exchange.

On some models, the suction system does not act in the center of the hood but on the sides. This technology, called perimetral or peripheral suction, creates a kind of air curtain around the cooktop. The downside: greases tend to settle on the central hood rather than the filter. We lose efficiency and the device is often noisier.

The presence of several speeds (3 or 4 generally) makes it possible to adapt the flow rate to the volume of the fumes. There is often a timed booster, which allows the hood to run a few moments at very high power, before it automatically returns to its initial setting level. As for the sound level, expressed in decibels (dB), despite real progress, it remains the "gray point" of the hood. The quieter ones display 50 dB. The noise is bearable up to 60 dB, which is equivalent to an animated conversation. Alas, most models exceed this threshold, which generates discomfort during suction at maximum speed.

Stainless steel wall hood 90 cm wide with sensory sensor control. 4 suction speeds, LED lighting, filters saturation indicators. Maximum flow 861m3 / h, sound level 59 dB. "Neo" 1199 euros, Samsung.

Samsung

Hoods must have practical and appreciable functions

We also expect a hood that illuminates the work plan. It can also provide ambient lighting, using mini-halogen spotlights or, better, Leds. Other practical options: the filter saturation indicator and the remote control. To obtain an optimal result, it is advisable to start the aspiration before placing the pan on the hearth. At the end of cooking, the delayed or delayed stop function prolongs the suction for 10 to 15 minutes in order to eliminate residual odors and fumes. Other technical advances should soon see the light of day. Indeed, a European energy label, in preparation for 2015, will impose more energy-efficient equipment, such as an induction motor. The hood revolution is on!

When the hood adds a touch of glamor to the decor ...

A large open kitchen that plays on shapes and colors, and whose hood fits perfectly in the decor. In photo: a Leroy Merlin kitchen

Leroy Merlin

An example of cuisine worthy of Top Chef: cooking on a central island is a new must in the kitchen. In photo: a Leroy Merlin kitchen

Leroy Merlin

The hood structure the decoration of the wall that overhangs the work plan. An idea to follow for those who love ... In photo: a kitchen Leroy Merlin

Leroy Merlin

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